Stress as the event that triggers the adaptive physiological and psychological responses in an individual. Positive Behavior Therapy facilitates sound mental health leading to better adjustment. A pre experimental study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the Positive Behavior Therapy upon stress and Coping among special school teachers at selected special school, Chennai. Twenty special school teachers were selected using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected using Demographic Variable Proforma and Stress and Coping questionnaire among selected special school teachers through self administrative method. Rating scale was used to assess the level of satisfaction of special teachers regarding Positive Behavior Therapy. Positive Behavior Therapy was conducted for special teachers. Study findings revealed that obtained post test mean value 35±10.8 was lower than pre test. Mean value 44.5±9.5 which was significant (P<0.001). Positive Behavior Therapy was effective in reducing Special School Teachers.
Hospitalization is stressful for children of all ages. Play helps children to learn to adapt to the health care experiences. A study to evaluate the effectiveness of play therapy in reducing the level of anxiety among hospitalized children (3-6 years) at selected hospitals. The objectives are to (1) Assess the level of anxiety in children in experimental and control group. (2) To evaluate the effectiveness of play therapy in reducing level of anxiety among hospitalized children (3-6 years) in experimental group. (3) To compare the pretest level of anxiety and post-test level of anxiety among hospitalized children in experimental and control group. (4) To associate the pre-test and post-test level of anxiety among hospitalized children of experimental group with selected demographic variables. Pre-test, post-test & control group design. The study was conducted in KCG Hospital, Bangalore. Population of the study comprises of 40 hospitalized children using simple random Sampling Technique. In the pretest 50% had severe anxiety, and 15% of the children had mild anxiety before the intervention of play therapy and the post-test 5% had severe anxiety, 30% have moderate anxiety & 65% had mild anxiety. In the pre-test mean value is 15.85 with a standard deviation of 1.68. In the post test the mean value is 23.87 with a standard deviation of 1.72. The paired ‘t’ test value is 21.066 which is highly significant at p < 0.001 level. In the pretest the gender and type of family were significant; In the post-test the age of children, religion, type of family, family income, and child admission to the hospital, area of residence, and previous exposure to play therapy were significant. Thus it indicates that the play therapy was effective in decreasing the level of anxiety among thehospitalized children 3-6years.
Alcoholism is a family disease which affects not merely the alcoholic, but ruins the lives of countless families. Children raised in alcohol abusing families show high rates of behavioral and emotional problems. This study has 2 objectives, they are, (1)To assess and compare the psychological problems among children of Alcohol dependents with children of Juvenile diabetics and Normal controls. (2)To determine the association between the psychological problems among the children of Alcohol dependent, Juvenile diabetics and Normal controls with selected demographic variables. A comparative descriptive research design was adopted. 180 children (60 from each study group) were selected using non probability convenience sampling technique. The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 6-18) a standardized tool was used to assess the psychological problems in children. The findings revealed that children of alcohol dependent fathers (41.7%) showed 5-fold increase in the clinical range of syndrome scores on CBCL than children of juvenile diabetic fathers (8.3%). Regarding borderline clinical range, children of alcohol dependent fathers (16.7%) showed 2.5- fold increase in the syndrome scores when compared with children of juvenile diabetic fathers (6.7%) and 3- fold increase with children of normal control fathers. Girls had more psychological problems when compared to boys. Between 6-11 years of age, both boys and girls scored equally whereas between 12-18 years of age, girls showed higher scores in overall psychological problems than boys. The internalizing behaviors of children (mean 66.92) were high when compared with control groups (mean 56.20 and 58.58). More girls than boys showed an increase in internalizing symptoms in the age between 12-18 years than 6-11 years of age. Children of alcohol dependents showed higher mean scores (56.82) in externalizing behaviors than control groups (51.45 and 51.50). There was a significant association between the psychological problems and age of the children among the study groups. The need for sensitizing the family members on the issues of alcoholism and to adopt the coping strategies by them is highlighted in this study.
Ebola Virus is one from at least 30 known viruses capable of causing Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Syndrome. Ebola Virus is a large concern of public and global health because it has such a high mortality rate. Ebola Virus Disease (formally known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) is a severe, often fatal illness with a death of up to 90%. It is vital for the nurses and nursing students to stay well informed about this severe illness in order to care for patients and public. A pre-experimental research design was used to assess the effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program (STP) on knowledge regarding Ebola Virus Disease among Students of B.Sc. Nursing 2nd year of a nursing college. The findings revealed that the mean pre-test knowledge score of B.Sc. Nursing 2nd year students was (9.9) and the mean post-test knowledge score was (23.9) regarding EVD.
Depression is a major public health problem in India. In India over 5 crore Indians suffer from depression. Now-a-days depression is most common among elderly people. It is very important to reduce the depression level, for that they should have some fun and enjoyments or relaxation therapies in their life. The objectives are to assess the level of depression and effectiveness of laughter therapy on depression and to associate between level of depression and laughter therapy among HIV infected elderly people with selected demographic data. Thirty HIV infected elderly people were selected from old age home. A Structured Modified Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (MDASS) were used to assess the level of depression. Convenient purposive sampling technique was used.. Data was collected through questionnaire. There was a significant association (p<0.05) between laughter therapy and depression among HIV infected elderly people with selected demographic variables. The study shows that the HIV infected elderly people have extremely severe and severe depression. This can be effectively managed through laughter therapy.
HIV infection is one of the chronic illnesses with an uncertain natural disease history. The present study aims to find the effectiveness of Nurse Directed Rehabilitation Programme on quality of life in patients with HIV infection. 130 HIV infected patients from Care and Support centers of Kottayam district, Kerala were selected for the study and randomly divided into 2 groups with Mean ±SD age of 35.84±7.45years. Experimental group were given Rehabilitation Programme for 30 minutes 4 days/week for 6 months after obtaining informed consent. Quality of life was assessed by WHOQOLHIV-BREF Scale at the baseline and after intervention. Both groups were homogenous at the base line in outcome measure. Experimental group showed significant improvement in outcome measure with p<0.001 whereas control group showed no change in quality of life. This study concludes that Nurse Directed Rehabilitation Programme is effective as an adjunct therapy in patients with HIV infection that significantly improves the quality of life andphysical wellbeing.
Thyrotoxic Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (THPP) is one form of Periodic Paralysis, a rare group of disorders that can cause sudden onset of weakness. A case of a 29 year old male is presented here. The patient presented with sudden onset paralysis of his extremities. Laboratory evaluation revealed a markedly low potassium level. The patient's paralysis resolved upon repletion of his low potassium and he was discharged with no neurologic deficits. An association with thyroid disease is well established and further workup revealed Grave's disease in this patient. Although rare, Periodic Paralysis must differentiate from other causes of weakness and paralysis so that the proper treatment can be initiated quickly.