Stress during antenatal period varies from life events, financial and social problems. When this continues for a long time, it can lead to various health complications. A thorough understanding of the level of stress among antenatal women in India and its severity is essential for the provision of effective health care service for the antenatal women. The present study was aimed to assess the level of maternal stress and pregnancy outcome among antenatal mothers at selected hospital, Chennai. The research design was non experimental - descriptive type. Data were collected using demographic parameters and Dr. Ambreen Kazi stress scale. Results of both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses revealed that, out-of 34 samples, 9 antenatal mothers (26.47%) had mild level of stress, and 25 antenatal mothers (73.52%) had moderate level of stress. Significant association was found betwee l status and level of stress; p< 0.05.
A true experimental research study to assess the effectiveness structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention of obesity was undertaken. A quantitative approach with true experimental research design was used in this study. The sample size was 60, 30 in experimental group and 30 in control group. Both male and female students studying in VI, VII and VIII standard were included in the study. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the samples. The study results proved that there was significant increase in post test level of knowledge in the experimental group. No significant association was found between pretest level of knowledge in experimental and control group with selected demographic variables. Samples in the age group of 12 years with previous source of health information were found to have significant association with post test level of knowledge.
Menstruation and menstrual hygiene have been a sensitive concept to be discussed in public. It is necessary to address the neglect of menstrual hygiene as an issue because puberty and menstruation have significant effect on women's quality of life like causing reproductive tract infections, dropout from school, absenteeism from work, and others. A descriptive correlational design was used to assess and compare the knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene practices among women of reproductive age in rural, urban, and tribal areas of Vellore, Tamil Nadu. Ninety women of the reproductive age who visited the rural, urban and tribal PHCs were selected using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected using demographic and menstrual variable proforma. Knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene practices was assessed using a structured questionnaire. Major findings of the study reflected 67% of the urban and 60% of the rural women had moderately adequate knowledge and less than half of the tribal women had inadequate knowledge (47%) regarding menstrual hygiene practices. There was a significant difference (F ratio - 3.44, p<0.05) in knowledge scores obtained by rural, urban, tribal women of the reproductive age. Reproductive tract infections were reported by 20% of tribal women. There was significant association between selected demographic variables like age (?2 - 7.53, p<0.05), educational status (?2 - 6.21, p<0.05) and level of knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene of mothers residing in urban community. This indicated the need for creating awareness regarding menstrual hygiene to ensure protection against reproductive tract infections caused by poor menstrual hygiene.
Chest drain tubes pose a patient for greater intensity of pain especially during its removal. It is important for the nurses to recognize the level of pain and treat it accordingly with non pharmacological treatments to prevent side effects and ease comfort. The study's objective is to evaluate the effectiveness of ice compress application by comparing the pre test and post test level of pain among the control and the experimental group of patients with chest drainage. The present study was conducted using experimental research design. A total of 60 patients with chest drainage were selected by systematic sampling method, among which 30 patients were assigned to control group and 30 patients to experimental group who satisfied the inclusion criteria. Data were collected using a demographic variable proforma, clinical variable proforma, numerical rating pain scale, and Mc Gill pain questionnaire. The results revealed that the scores between post test level of pain in the control group (Mean=7.06, SD=0.77) by Numerical rating scale, (M=2, SD=0.51) by Mc Gill pain questionnaire and experimental group (M=1.8, SD=1.11) by numerical rating scale, (M=0.1, SD=0) by Mc Gill pain questionnaire showed a statistically significant difference for ‘t’ value of 35.39 (NRS), 31.67 (Mc Gill Pain questionnaire )at p<0.001 which may be attributed to the ice compress application. The ice compress application has more significant effect upon the level of pain during chest drain removal.
DOI: 10.5958/2249-3190.2019.00026.9 |
Open Access |
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Revathi R, Manjula A. A ROAD TO FASCINATE TRANSACTIONAL NURSING CARE MODEL: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY TO ASSESS THE ILLNESS EXPERIENCES OF PATIENTS WITH CANCER. 2019; 10 (3):25-27.
There are an increasing number of people living with and beyond cancer. The lived experience of these individuals is often complicated by other co morbid chronic illnesses; as many as 78% of people with cancer are living with at least one other condition, the prevalence of which also increases with age. This study was conducted to assess the illness experiences of patients with cancer. A descriptive design was used and non probability convenient sampling technique was adapted. The sample size was 50. The result revealed that 60 % of the samples had hair loss and difficulty in getting sleep, 58% of them had vomiting, 40% of them had less energy, 36% of had weight loss, 30% of them had pain, 40% of the patients experienced constipation, 32% of them experienced oral ulcers, 16 % of them experienced skin changes and 26% of the samples had self hatredness due to body image disturbance.