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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 1 ( Jan-Apr, 2018 ) > List of Articles
Citation Information : Manpreet K. SUBSTANCE USE AND RISK-TAKING AMONG ADOLESCENTS: REVIEW. 2018; 9 (1):42-45.
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Published Online: 01-04-2021
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).
Among adolescents, substance abuse often occurs in conjunction with risk-taking behaviors. This review explores the nature and etiology of concomitant risk-taking behaviors, addressing behavioral, genetic, temperamental, and family factors that accompany adolescent substance use. A literature review was conducted to determine the breadth of factors that contribute to adolescent substance abuse and correlated risk-taking behaviors, and to identify relevant evidence-based treatments. The literature review revealed that among adolescents, substance abuse occurs as part of a cluster of problems and risk-taking behaviors. Predisposing factors include temperament, genetics, neurobehavioral disinhibition, social competencies, parenting, abuse/neglect, and peer behaviors. Various interventions, including individual therapies, parent training, and family therapies comprise the empirically-supported treatments for these co-occurring behaviors. The literature indicates that adolescents are being seen for substance- related problems which should be evaluated for engagement in other risk-taking behaviors, and school, peer, and social functioning. In addition, the data support that family, versus individual, interventions should be the norm for substance-abusing adolescents.